Vitamin B3 is one of the vitamins that make up the nutritional powerhouse known as the Vitamin B complex. Vitamin B3 is also called niacin, nicotinic acid and niacinamide, and serves many vital purposes in the functioning of the body and the mind.
Vitamin B3 works with the other B vitamins to change food to energy. It also serves to regulate the appetite, as well as the digestive system. Its primary tasks within the digestive system relate to controlling the levels at which bile and other stomach fluids are secreted.
Among the other important contributions Vitamin B3 makes to the health of the body is the essential role it plays in the respiration of the cells, its role in keeping the nervous system healthy, and its relationship to the production of the hormones associated with reproduction. Vitamin B3 is also important to the health of the body ’s biggest organ – the skin.
Vitamin B3 plays an important role in mental health, and recent research has made some intriguing connections between the use of Vitamin B3 supplements and the production of serotonin.
By using the supplements, L-Tryptophan then doesn’t have to be spent by the body in the making of niacin, thus freeing the L-Tryptophan to be taken to the nervous system, where it is processed into 5-http, which leads to the production of serotonin, important for mood and feelings of well-being.
Serotonin imbalance has been shown to be associated with anxiety and depression.
Vitamin B3 is a water-soluble vitamin, which means that it is washed out of the body via the urine and the body must renew its supply of this vital nutrient daily. Deficiencies of vitamin B3 can have serious health consequences for both the body and the mind.
Physical symptoms of a niacin deficiency can include muscular weakness and a lack of muscular control, particularly in the larger muscles masses, such as those found in the legs.
Other physical symptoms are open sores on the skin and in the mouth, a swollen tongue and chronic bad breathe, loss of appetite, chronic diarrhea, joint pain, low blood sugar and headaches. It can also cause the disease pellagra, which presents with such symptoms as severe dermatitis, diarrhea and dementia.
Mental symptoms of a serious can include depression, fatigue, and insomnia. The insomnia makes all of the other symptoms, physical and mental, that much harder to bear.
Dietary supplements are a safe and effective way to be sure that you meet the recommended daily requirements of B3 in your diet. However, it is important to use dietary supplements according to the standard dose levels, as taking too much can cause other health problems, some serious in nature.
There are cases in which higher than standard does may be recommended, such as to combat symptoms that have been brought about by deficiencies.
However, taking does higher than the standard levels should only be done when under the care of a qualified healthcare professional. Dietary supplements, like all medications, should always be kept out of the reach of children.